Joseph M. Prospero

Joseph M. Prospero

Professor Emeritus, Department of Atmospheric Sciences

University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

Tel: 305.421.4159

Google Scholar Profile


Pourmand, A., J. M. Prospero, and A. Sharifi (2014), Geochemical fingerprinting of trans-Atlantic African dust based on radiogenic Sr-Nd-Hf isotopes and rare earth element anomalies, Geology.10.1130/g35624.1.

Prospero, J.M., F.-X. Collard, J. Molinié, and A. Jeannot (2014), Characterizing the annual cycle of African dust transport on the Caribbean Basin and South America and its impact on air quality and the environment, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, doi:10.1002/2013GB004802. 

Chin, M., T. Diehl, Q. Tan, J. M. Prospero, R. A. Kahn, L. A. Remer, H. Yu1,, A. M. Sayer, H. Bian, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. N. Holben, S. G. Howell, B. J. Huebert, N. C. Hsu, D. Kim, T. L. Kucsera, R. C. Levy, M. I. Mishchenko, X. Pan, P. K. Quinn, G. L. Schuster, D. G. Streets, S. A. Strode1, O. Torres and X.-P. Zhao (2014), Multi-decadal aerosol variations from 1980 to 2009: a perspective from observations and a global model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3657–3690, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3657-2014.

Keene, W. C., J.L. Moody, J. N. Galloway, J. M. Prospero, O.R. Cooper, S. Eckhardt, and J.R. Maben (2014) Long-term trends in aerosol and precipitation composition over the western North Atlantic Ocean at Bermuda, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8119-8135, doi:10.5194/acp-14-8119-2014.      

Muhs, D.R., J.M. Prospero, M.C. Baddock, and T.E. Gill (2014),  Identifying Sources of Aeolian Mineral Dust: Present and Past, in P. Knippertz and J.-B.W. Stuut (eds.), Mineral Dust: A Key Player in the Earth System, pp. 51-74, doi:10.1007/978-94-017-8978-3_3, Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht.

Ridley, D.A., C.L. Heald, and J.M. Prospero (2014), What controls the recent changes in African mineral dust aerosol across the Atlantic?, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 14, 5735–5747, doi:10.5194/acp-14-5735-2014.

Rodríguez, S., E. Cuevas, J. M. Prospero, A. Alastuey, X. Querol, J. López-Solano, M. I. García, and S. Alonso-Pérez (2014), Modulation of Saharan dust export by the North African dipole, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 14(19), 26689-26719.10.5194/acpd-14-26689-2014.

Yu, H., M. Chin, H. Bian, T. Yuan, J.M. Prospero, A.H. Omar, L.A. Remer, D.M. Winker, Y. Yang, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang. Quantification of Trans-Atlantic Dust Transport from Seven-year (2007-2013) Record of CALIPSO Lidar Measurements of Aerosols, JGR-Atmospheres, Accepted 18Nov2014.




Bozlaker, A., J. M. Prospero, M. P. Fraser, and S. Chellam (2013), Quantifying the contribution of long-range Saharan dust transport on particulate matter concentrations in Houston, Texas, using detailed elemental analysis, Environ.l Sci. Technol., 47(18), 10179-10187.10.1021/es4015663.

Prospero, J. M., and O. L. Mayol-Bracero (2013), Understanding the transport and impact of African dust on the Caribbean Basin, Bull. Am. Meteoro. Soc., 94(9), 1329-1337.10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00142.1.

Zamora, L.M., J.M. Prospero, D.A. Hansell, and J.M. Trapp (2013), Atmospheric P deposition to the subtropical North Atlantic: sources, properties, and relationship to N deposition, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 118(3), 1546-1562.10.1002/jgrd.50187.

Jung, E., B. Albrecht, J.M. Prospero, H.H. Jonsson, and S.M. Kreidenweis (2013), Vertical structure of aerosols, temperature, and moisture associated with an intense African dust event observed over the eastern Caribbean, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 118(10), 4623-4643.10.1002/jgrd.50352.




Prospero, J.M., J.E. Bullard, and R. Hodgkins (2012), High-Latitude Dust Over the North Atlantic: Inputs from Icelandic Proglacial Dust Storms, Science 335, 1078, DOI: 10.1126/Science.13217447.

Lenes, J. M., J. M. Prospero, W. M. Landing, J. I. Virmani, and J. J. Walsh (2012), A model of Saharan dust deposition to the eastern Gulf of Mexico, Marine Chemistry, 134, 1-9, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2012.02.007

Ginoux, P., J.M. Prospero, T.E. Gill, N.C. Hsu, M. Zhoa (2012), Global scale attribution of anthropogenic and natural dust sources and their emission rates based on MODIS Deep Blue aerosol products, Review of Geophysics, 50(3), RG3005.10.1029/2012rg000388.

Muhs, D., J.R. Budahn, J.M. Prospero, G.L. Skipp, and S.R. Herwitz (2012), Soil genesis on the island of Bermuda in the Quaternary: The importance of African dust transport and deposition, J. Geophys. Res. – Earth Surface, 117, F03025, doi:10.1029/2012JF002366.

Adams, A. M., J. M. Prospero, and C. Zhang (2012), CALIPSO-Derived Three-Dimensional Structure of Aerosol over the Atlantic Basin and Adjacent Continents, J. Climate, 25(19), 6862-6879.10.1175/jcli-d-11-00672.1.

Kanakidou, M., R.A. Duce, J.  Prospero, A.R. Baker, C. Benitez-Nelson, F.J. Dentener, K.A. Hunter, P.S. Liss, N. Mahowald, G. Okin, M. Sarin, K. Tsigaridis, M. Uematsu, L.M. Zamora, and T.  Zhu  (2012), Atmospheric fluxes of organic N and P to the global ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycl., 26, GB3026, doi:10.10.1029/2011GB004277.

Schulz, M., J. Prospero, A. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. Liss, N. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. Pérez García-Pando, S. Rodriguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, R.A. Duce (2012), Atmospheric Transport and Deposition of Mineral Dust to the Ocean:  Implications for Research Needs, Environ. Sci. Technol., 46(19), 10390-10404, doi:10.1021/es300073u.

Campbell, J. R., J. L. Tackett, J. S. Reid, J. Zhang, C. A. Curtis, E. J. Hyer, W. R. Sessions, D. L. Westphal, J. M. Prospero, E. J. Welton, A. H. Omar, M. A. Vaughan and D. M. Winker, (2012), Evaluating Nighttime Caliop 0.532 Aerosol Optical Depth and Extinction Coefficient Retrievals, Atmos. Measurement Techniques, 5(9), 2143-2160.10.5194/amt-5-2143-2012.

GESAMP (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/UNDP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). 2012. The Atmospheric Input of Chemicals to the Ocean. Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 84/GAW Report No. 203. 69 pp. 




Zamora, l.M., J.M. Prospero, and D.A. Hansell (2011), Organic nitrogen in aerosols and precipitation at Barbados and Miami: Implications regarding sources, transport and deposition to the subtropical North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos.- Atmos., 116(20), D20309, doi:10.1029/2011JD015660.

Kadko, D., and J. Prospero (2011), Deposition of 7Be to Bermuda and the regional ocean: Environmental factors affecting estimates of atmospheric flux to the ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C02013, doi:10.1029/2010JC006629.

Okin, G.S., A.R. Baker, I. Tegen, N.M. Mahowald, F.J. Dentener, R.A. Duce, J.N. Galloway, K. Hunter, M. Kanakidou, N. Kubilay, J.M. Prospero, M. Sarin, V. Surapipith, M. Uematsu, and T. Zhu (2011), Impacts of atmospheric nutrient deposition on marine productivity: roles of nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, , 25, GB2022, doi:10.1029/2010GB003858.

Huneeus, N., M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, J. Griesfeller, S. Kinne, J. Prospero, S. Bauer, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, A. Grini, L. Horowitz, D. Koch, M. C. Krol, W. Landing, X. Liu, N. Mahowald, R. Miller, J. J. Morcrette, G. Myhre, J. E. Penner, J. Perlwitz, P. Stier, T. Takemura, and C. Zender (2011), Global Dust Model Intercomparison in AeroCom Phase I, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discussions, 11, 7781–7816, doi:10.5194/acp-11-7781-20.



Muhs, D.R., J. Budahn, G. Skipp, J.M. Prospero, D. Patterson and E.A. Bettis, III (2010), Geochemical and Mineralogical Evidence for Sahara and Sahel Dust Additions to Quaternary Soils on Lanzarote, Eastern Canary Islands, Spain, Terra Nova, 22(6), 399-410, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2010.00949.x. [pdf]

Maher, B. A., J.M. Prospero, D. Mackie, D. Gaiero, P.P. Hesse (2010), Global connections between aeolian dust, climate and ocean biogeochemistry at the present day and at the last glacial maximum, Earth Sci. Rev., 1-2, 61-97.

Prospero, J. M., W. M. Landing, and M. Schulz (2010), African dust deposition to Florida: Temporal and spatial variability and comparisons to models, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D13304, doi:10.1029/2009JD012773. [pdf]

Trapp, J.M., F.J. Millero and J.M. Prospero (2010), Temporal variability of the elemental composition of African dust measured in trade wind aerosols at Barbados and Miami, Mar. Chem., 120, 71-82, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2008.10.004.

Trapp, J. M., F. J. Millero, and J. M. Prospero (2010), Trends in the solubility of iron in dust-dominated aerosols in the equatorial Atlantic trade winds: Importance of iron speciation and sources, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q03014, doi:10.1029/2009GC002651. [pdf]

Huang, J.-F., C. Zhang, and J.M. Prospero (2010), African Dust Outbreaks: A Satellite Perspective of Temporal and Spatial Variability over the Tropical Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D05202, doi:10.1029/2009JD012516. [pdf]


Lenes, J.M., J.J. Walsh, J.M. Prospero, and R.H. Byrne (2009), Response to “Aerosol iron deposition to the surface ocean – Modes of iron supply and biological responses” by P.W. Boyd, D.S. Mackie, and K.A. Hunger, Mar. Chem., 116, 56-57. [pdf]

Huang, J., C. Zhang, and J.M. Prospero (2009), Aerosol-Induced Large- Scale Variability in Precipitation over the Tropical Atlantic, J. Clim. 22, 4970-4988. [pdf]

Prospero, J. M., E. Blades, R. Naidu, and M. C. Lavoie (2009), Reply to: African Dust and Asthma in the Caribbean - Medical and Statistical Perspectives by M A Monteil & R Antoine, Intl. J. Biometeorol., 53(5), 383-385, 10.1007/s00484-009-0254-z. [pdf]

Huang, J.-F., C. Zhang, and J.M. Prospero (2009), African aerosol and large-scale precipitation variability over West African Monsoon Regions, Environ. Res. Letts., 4, 015006, doi:  10.1088/1748-9326/4/1/015006. [pdf]

Huang, J.-F., C. Zhang, and J.M. Prospero (2009), Large-Scale Effects of Aerosols on Precipitation in the West African Monsoon Region, Quart. J. Royal Meteorol. Soc., Published online in Wiley InterScience, DOI: 10.1002/qj.391. [pdf]

Mahowald, N. et al. (2009), Atmospheric iron deposition: Global distribution, variability, and human perturbations, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci., 1, 245-278, 10.1146/annurev.marine.010908. 163727, 2009. [pdf]


Trapp, J.M., F.J. Millero and J.M. Prospero (2008), Temporal variability of the elemental composition of African dust measured in trade wind aerosols at Barbados and Miami, Mar. Chem., doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2008.10.004, 2008. [pdf]

Duce, R.A., J. LaRoche, K. Altieri, K.R. Arrigo, A.R. Baker, D.G. Capone, S. Cornell, F. Dentener, J. Galloway, R.S. Ganeshram, R.Geider, T. Jickells, M.M. Kuypers, R. Langlois, P. S. Liss, S. M. Liu, J.J. Middelburg, C.M. Moore, S. Nickovic, A. Oschlies, T. Pedersen, J. Prospero, R. Schlitzer, S. Seitzinger, L.L. Sorensen, M. Uematsu, O. Ulloa, M. Voss, B. Ward, L. Zamora (2008), Impacts of Atmospheric Anthropogenic Nitrogen on the Open Ocean, Science, 320, 893, DOI:10.1126/science.1150369. [pdf]

Lenes, J.M. B.A. Darrow, J.J. Walsh, J.M. Prospero, R. He, R.H. Weisberg, G.A. Vargo, and C.A. Heil (2008), Saharan dust and phosphatic fidelity: A three-dimensional biogeochemical model of Trichodesmium as a nutrient source for red tides on the West Florida Shelf, Continental Shelf Research, 28, 1091-1115. [pdf]

Prospero, J.M., E. Blades, Naidu, G. Mathison, H. Thani and M.C. Lavoie (2008), Relationship between African dust carried in the Atlantic Trade Winds and surges in Pediatric Asthma attendances in the Caribbean, Intl. J. Biometeorol., 52(8), doi:10.1007/s00484-008-0176-1, 2008. [pdf]


Muhs, D.R., J. Budahn, J.M. Prospero, and S.N. Carey, Rare earth evidence of Saharan dust inputs to soils of western Atlantic islands: The Bahamas and the Florida Keys, J. Geophys. Res., 112, F02009, doi:10.1029/2005JF000445, 2007. [abs] [pdf]


Walsh, J.J., J.K. Jolliff, B.P. Darrow, J.M. Lenes, S.P. Milroy, D.A. Dieterle, K.S. Carder, F.R. Chen, G.A. Vargo, R.H. Weisberg, K.A. Fanning, F.E. Muller-Karger, K.A. Steidinger, C.A.. Heil, C.R. Tomas, J.M. Prospero, R.N. Lee, G.J. Kirkpatrick, T.E. Whitledge, D.A. Stockwell, T.A. Villareal, A.E. Jochens, and S.P. Bontempi, Red tides in the Gulf of Mexico: where, when, and why?, J. Geophys. Res., 111, C11003, doi:10.1029/ 2004JC002813, 2006.   [ abs]  [ pdf]

Washington, R., M.C. Todd, G. Lizcano, I. Tegen, C. Flamant, I. Koren, P. Ginoux, S. Engelstaedter, A. Goudie, A. Warren, and J. M. Prospero, Links between topography, wind, deflation, lakes and dust: The case of the Bodélé Depression, Chad, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L09401, doi:10.1029/2006GL025827, 2006. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., Case Study: Saharan dust impacts and climate change, in Climate Change, Oceans, and Human Health by J.A. Patz, S.H. Olson, and A.L. Gray, Oceanography 19(2), 60-61, 2006. 
[ pdf]


Mari, C., and J.M. Prospero, African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Atmospheric Chemistry (AMMA - AC):  A new IGAC Task.  IGACtivities Newsletter, Issue 31, 2-13, June, 2005.  [ pdf]

Chiapello, I., C. Moulin, and J.M. Prospero, Understanding the long-term variability of African dust transport across the Atlantic as recorded in both Barbados surface concentrations and large-scale Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) optical thickness, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D18S10, doi:10.1029/2004JD005132, 2005.  [ abs] [ pdf]

Jickells, T.D., Z.S. An, K.K., Andersen, A.R. Baker, G. Bergametti, N. Brooks, J.J. Cao, P.W. Boyd, R.A. Duce, K.A. Hunter, H. Kawahata, N. Kubilay, J. LaRoche, P.S. Liss, N. Mahowald, J.M. Prospero, A.J. Ridgwell, L. Tegen, and R. Torres, Global Iron Connections Between Desert Dust, Ocean Biogeochemistry, and Climate,  Science, 308, 67-71, 2005. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., E. Blades, G. Mathison, R. Naidu, Interhemispheric transport of viable fungi and bacteria from Africa to the Caribbean with soil dust.  Aerobiologia, 21(1), 119, doi:10.1007/s10453-004-5872-7, 2005.  [ abs] [ pdf]

Mahowald, N.M., A.R. Baker, G. Bergametti, N. Brooks, T.D. Jickells, N. Kubilay, R.A. Duce, J.M. Prospero, I.Tegen, The atmospheric global dust cycle and iron inputs to the ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycl., 19, GB4025, doi: 1029/2004GB002402, 2005.   [ abs] [ pdf]

Brooks, N, I. Chiapello, S. Di Lernia, N. Drake, M. Legrand, C. Moulin and J. Prospero, The ClimateEnvironmentSociety Nexus in the Sahara from Prehistoric Times to the Present Day, J. North African Studies, 10(3-4), 253-292, doi:10.1080=1362938050033668, 2005. 


Ginoux, P., J.M. Prospero, O. Torres, and M. Chin, Longterm simulation of dust distribution with the GOCART model: Correlation with the North Atlantic Oscillation, Environmental Modeling and Software, 19, 113-128, 2004. [ abs] [ pdf]

Arimoto, R., X.Y. Zhang, B.J. Huebert, C.H. Kang, D.L. Savoie, J.M. Prospero, S.K. Sage, C.A. Schloesslin, H.M. Khaing, and S.N. Oh, Chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols from Zhenbeitai, China and Gosan, South Korea, durimg ACE-Asia, J. Geophy. Res., 109, D19S04, doi:10.1029/2003JD004323, 2004. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., Interhemispheric Transport of Viable Fungi and Bacteria from Africa to the Caribben with Soil Dust, in Biological Resources and Migration, Chapter 11, edited by D. Werner, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 127-132, 2004. [ abs] [ pdf]


Prospero, J.M., D.L. Savoie, and R. Arimoto, Long-term record of nss-sulfate and nitrate in aerosols on Midway Island, 1981-2000: evidence of increased (now decreasing?) anthropogenic emissions from Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D1), 4019, doi.:10.1029/2001JD001524, 2003. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., and J.P. Lamb, African droughts and dust transport to the Caribbean: Climate change and implications, Science, 302, 1024-1027, 2003. [ abs] [ pdf]

Reid, J.S., J.E. Kinney, D.L. Wastphal, B.N. Holben, E.J.  Welton, S.-C. Tsay, D.P.  Eleuterio, J.R. Campbell, S.A.  Christopher, P.R. Colarco, H.H. Jonsson, J.M.  Livingston, H.B.  Maring, M.L.  Meier, P.  Pilewskie,  J.M. Prospero, E.A.  Reid, L.A. Remer,  P.B. Russell, D.L.  Savoie,  A. Smirnov, and D.  Tanré,  Analysis of  measurements of  Saharan dust by  airborne and  ground-based remote sensing methods during  the  Puerto Rico  Dust  Experiment (PRIDE),  J.  Geophys.  Res. 108(D19), 8586,  doi:10:1029/2002/D002493, 2003. [ abs] [ pdf]

Sassen, K., P.J. DeMott, J.M. Prospero, and M.R. Peollot, Saharan Dust Storms and Indirect Aerosol Effects on Clouds: CRYSTALFACE Results, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(12), 1633, doi:10.1029/2003GL917371,  2003. [ abs] [ pdf]


Chuang, C.C., J.E. Penner, J.M. Prospero, K.E. Grant, G.H. Rau, and K. Kawamoto, Cloud susceptibility and the first aerosol indirect forcing: Sensitivity to black carbon and aerosol concentrations, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D21), 4564, doi:10.1029/2000JD 000215, 2002. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., P. Ginoux, O. Torres, S. Nicholson, and T. Gill, Environmental Characterization of Global Sources of Atmospheric Soil Dust Identified with the NIMBUS7 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Absorbing Aerosol Product, Rev. Geophys., 40, 1, 1002, doi:10.1029/2000RG000095, 2002. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M.,  The Chemical and Physical Properties of Marine Aerosols: An Introduction, in Chemistry of Marine Water and Sediments, edited by A. Gianguzza, E. Pellizzetti and S. Sammarano, pp. 35-82, Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, 2002. [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., R. Arimoto, W.C. Keene, J.M. Prospero, R.A. Duce, and J.N. Galloway, Marine biogenic and anthropogenic contributions to nonseasalt sulfate in the marine boundary layer over the North Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D18), 4356, doi:10.1029/2001JD000970, 2002. [ abs] [ pdf]

Satheesh, S.K., V. Ramanathan, B.N. Holben, K.K. Moorthy, N.G. Loeb, H. Maring, J.M. Prospero, and D. Savoie, Chemical, microphysical, and radiative effects of Indian Ocean aeroaols, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D23), 4725, doi:10.1029/2002JD 002463, 2002. [ abs] [ pdf]


Barrie, L.A., Y. Yi, W.R. Leaitch, et al., A comparison of large scale atmospheric sulphate aerosol models (COSAM): Overview and highlights, Tellus, 53B, 615-645, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Díaz, J.P., F.J. Expósito, C.J. Torres, F. Herrera, J.M. Prospero, and M.C. Romero, Radiative properties of aerosols in Saharan dust outbreaks using ground-based and satellite date: Applications to radiative forcing, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16), 18,403-18,416, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Díaz, J.P., M. Arbelo, G. Podesta, R. Evans, and J.M. Prospero, Relationship between errors in AVHRR derived sea surface temperature and the TOMS aerosol index, Geophys. Res. Letts., 28(10), 1989-1992, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Ginoux, P., M. Chin, I. Tegen, J.M. Prospero, B. Holben, O. Dubovik, and S.-J. Lin, Sources and distributions of dust aerosols simulated with the GOCART model, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D17), 20,255-20,274, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Hayes, M.L., J. Bonaventura, T. P. Mitchell, J.M. Prospero, E. A. Shinn, F.A. Van Dolah, and R.T. Barber, How are climate and marine biological outbreaks functionally linked?,  Hydrobiologia, 460, 213-220, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Lenes, J.M., B.P. Darrow, C. Cattrall, C.A. Heil, M. Callahan, G.A. Vargo, R.H. Byrne, J.M. Prospero, D.E. Bates, K. Fanning, and J.J. Walsh, Iron fertilization and the Trichodesmium response on the West Florida shelf,  Limnol. Oceanogr., 46(6), 1261-1277, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Li-Jones, X., D.L. Savoie, and J.M. Prospero, HNO3 losses within the cyclone inlet of a diffusion-denuder system under simulated marine environments, Atmos. Environ. 35, 985-993, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., I. Olmez, and M. Ames, Al and Fe in PM 2.5 and PM 10 suspended particles in South-Central Florida: The impact of the long range transport of African mineral dust, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 125, 291-317, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., African Dust in America, Geotimes, pp.24-27, November, 2001. [ pdf]

Ramanathan, V., P.J. Crutzen, J. Lelieveld, et al., The Indian Ocean Experiment: An integrated assessment of the climate forcing and effects of the Great Indo-Asian haze, J. Geophys. Res, 106(D22), 28,371-28,398, 2001. [ abs] [ pdf]


Maring, H., D. Savoie, M. Izaguirre, C. McCormick, R. Arimoto, J. Prospero, and C. Pilinis,  Aerosol Physical and Optical Properties and their Relationship to Aerosol Composition in the Free Troposphere at Izaňa, Tenerife, Canary Islands during July 1995, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 14,677-14,700, 2000. [ abs] [ pdf]

Putaud, J.P., R. Van Dingenen, M. Mangoni., A. Virkkula, F. Raes, H. Maring, J.M. Prospero, E. Swietlicki, O.H. Berg, R. Hillamo, and T. Makela, Chemical mass closure and assessment of the origin of the submicron aerosol in the marine boundary layer and the free troposphere at Tenerife during ACE2, Tellus, 52B, 141-168, 2000. [ abs] [ pdf]

Shinn, E.A., G.W. Smith, J.M. Prospero, P. Betzer, M.L. Hayes II, V. Garrison, and R.T. Barber, African Dust and the Demise of Caribbean Coral Reefs, Geophys. Res. Letts., 27, 3029-2032, 2000. [ abs] [ pdf]

Smirnov, A., B.N. Holben, D. Savoie, J.M. Prospero, Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, T.F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, Relationship between column aerosol optical thickness and in situ ground based dust concentrations over Barbados, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1643-1646, 2000. [ abs] [ pdf]


Chiapello, I., J.M. Prospero, J.R. Herman, and N.C. Hsu, Detection of mineral dust over the North Atlantic Ocean and Africa with the Nimbus 7 TOMS, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 9277-9291, 1999. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., Long-range transport of mineral dust in the global atmosphere: Impact of African dust on the environment of the southeastern United States, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 96, 3396-3403, 1999. [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., Long-term measurements of the transport of African mineral dust to the southeastern United States: Implications for regional air quality, J. Geophys. Res. ,104(D13), 15,917-15,927, 1999. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M.,  Assessing the Impact of Advected African Dust on Air Quality and Health in the Eastern United States, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 5(3), 471-479, 1999. [ abs] [ pdf]

Satheesh, S.K., V. Ramanathan, Xu Li-Jones, J.M. Lobert, I.A. Podgorny, J.M. Prospero, B.N. Holben, and N.G. Loeb, A model for the natural and anthropogenic aerosols over the tropical Indian Ocean derived from Indian Ocean Experiment data, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D22), 27,421-27440, 1999. [ abs] [ pdf]


Jickells, T.D., S. Dorling, W.G. Deuser, T.M. Church, R. Arimoto, and J. Prospero, Air-Borne dust fluxes to a deep water sediment trap in the Sargasso Sea, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(2), 311-320, 1998. [ abs] [ pdf]

Krishnamurti, T.N., B. Jha, J.M. Prospero, A. Jayaraman, and V. Ramanathan, Aerosol and pollutant transport and their impact on radiative forcing over the tropical Indian Ocean during the January/February 1996 PreINDOEX cruise,. Tellus, 50B(5), 531-542, 1998. [ abs] [ pdf]

Li-Jones, X., and J.M. Prospero, Variations in the size distribution of non-sea-salt sulfate aerosol in marine boundary layer at Barbados: Impact of African dust, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D13), 16,073-16,084, 1998. [ abs] [ pdf]

Li-Jones, X., H.B. Maring, and J.M. Prospero, Effect of relative humidity on light scattering by mineral dust aerosol as measured in the marine boundary layer over the tropical Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D23), 31,113-31,122, 1998.  [ abs] [ pdf]


Arimoto, R., R.A. Duce, J.M. Prospero, D.L. Savoie, R.W. Talbot, J.E. Dibb, B.G. Heikes, B.J. Ray, N.F. Lewis, and U. Tomza, Comparisons of trace constituents from ground stations and the DC-8 aircraft during PEM-West B, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D23), 28,539-28,550, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]

Chen, L.-L., G.R. Carmichael, M.-S. Hong, H. Ueda, S. Shim, C.H. Song, Y.P. Kim, R. Arimoto, J. Prospero, D. Savoie, K. Murano, J.K. Park, H. Lee, and C. Kang, Influence of continental outflow events on the aerosol composition at Cheju Island, South Korea, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 28,551-28,574, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]

Gong, S.L., L.A. Barrie, J.M. Prospero, D.L. Savoie, G.P. Ayers, J.-P. Blanchet, and L. Spacek, Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere 2. Atmospheric concentrations and fluxes, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 3819-3830, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]

Husar, R.B., J.M. Prospero, and L.L. Stowe, Characterization of tropospheric aerosols over the oceans with the NOAA/AVHRR optical thickness operational product, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D14), 16,889-16909, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]

Raes, F., R. Van Dingenen, E. Cuevas, P. Van Velthoven, and J. Prospero, Observations of aerosols in the free troposphere and marine boundary layer of the subtropical N.E. Atlantic: discussion of the processes determining their size distribution, J. Geophys. Res., 102(DD17), 21,315-21,328, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]

Rhoads, K.P., P. Kelley, R.R Dickerson, T.P. Carsey, M. Farmer, S.J. Oltmans, D.L. Savoie, and J.M. Prospero, Composition of the troposphere over the Indian Ocean during the monsoonal transition, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D15), 18,981-18,996, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]

Zhu, X.R., J.M. Prospero, and F.J. Millero. Diel variability of soluble Fe(II) and soluble total Fe in North African dust in the Trade Winds at Barbados, J. Geophys. Res., 102(DD17), 21,297-21,306, 1997. [ abs] [ pdf]


Arimoto, R., R.A. Duce, D.L. Savoie, J.M. Prospero, R. Talbot, J.D. Cullen, U. Tomza, N.F. Lewis, and B.J. Ray, Relationships among aerosol constituents from Asia and the North Pacific during PEM-West A., J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2011-2023, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]

Galloway, J.N., R.W. Howarth, A.F. Michaels, S.W. Nixon, J.M. Prospero, and F.J. Dentener, Nitrogen and phosphorus budgets of the North Atlantic Ocean and its watershed, Biogeochemistry 35, 3-25, 1996.

Gatz, D.F., and J.M. Prospero,  A large silicon-aluminum aerosol plume in central Illinois: North African desert dust?  Atmos. Environ.,  30, 3789-3799, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]

Herwitz, S.R., D.R. Muhs, J.M. Prospero, S. Mahan, and B. Vaughn.,Origin of Bermuda's clay-rich Quaternery paleosols and their paleocliamtic significance, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 23,389-23,400, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]

Li, X., H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, and J.M. Prospero, Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds, Nature, 380, 416-419, 1996.

Michaels, A.F., D. Olson, J.W. Ammerman, K. Fanning, R. Jahnke, A.H. Knap, F. Lipschultz, and J.M. Prospero, Inputs, losses and transformations of nitrogen and phosphorus in the pelagic north Atlantic Ocean, Biogeochemistry, 35, 181-226, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]

Oltmans, S.J., H. Levy II, J.M. Harris, J.T. Merrill, J.L. Moody, J.A. Lathrop, E. Cuevas, M. Trainer, M.S. O'Neill, J.M. Prospero, J. Vomel, and B.J. Johnson, Summer and spring ozone profiles over the North Atlantic from ozonesonde measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 110, 29179-29200, doi:10.1029/96JD01713, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., K. Barrett, T. Church, F. Dentener, R.A. Duce, J.N. Galloway, H. Levy II, J. Moody, and P. Quinn, Atmospheric deposition of nutrients to the North Atlantic Basin, Biogeochemistry, 35, 27-73, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., The Atmospheric transport of particles to the Ocean, in Particle Flux in the Ocean, edited by V. Ittekkot, P. Schäfer, S. Honjo and P.J. Depetris, SCOPE Report 57, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 19-52, 1996. [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., Saharan dust transport over the north Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean: An Overview, in The Impact of Desert Dust from Northern Africa Across the Mediterranean, edited by S. Guerzoni and R. Chester, 133-151, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1996. [ abs] [ pdf]


Prospero, J.M., D.L. Savoie, R. Arimoto, H. Olafsson, and H. Hjartarson, Sources of aerosol nitrate and non-sea-salt (nss) sulfate in the Iceland region, Sci. Total Environ., 160/161, 181-191, 1995. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., R. Schmitt, E. Cuevas, D. Savoie, W. Graustein, K. Turekian, A. Volz-Thomas, S. Oltmans, H. Levy, and A. Diaz, Temporal variability of ozone and aerosols in the free troposphere over the Eastern North Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Letts., 22, 2925-2928, 1995. [ abs] [ pdf]


Leinen, M., J.M. Prospero, E. Arnold, and M. Blank, Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the North Pacific Ocean, 1, Sampling and analysis, J. Geophys. Res. 99,  21,017-21,024, 1994. [ abs] [ pdf]

Penkett, S.A., F.C. Fehsenfeld, and J.M. Prospero, Atmospheric chemistry and composition of air over the North Atlantic Ocean, in Global Atmospheric-Biospheric Chemistry: The First IGAC Scientific Conference, edited by R.G. Prinn. Proceedings from the First IGAC Scientific Conference, Eilat, Israel, April 18-22, 1993, Plenum Press, NY, 1994. [ abs] [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., J.M. Prospero, R. Arimoto, and R.A. Duce, Nonsea-salt sulfate and methanesulfonate at American Samoa, J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos., 99, 3587-3596, 1994. [ abs] [ pdf]

Uematsu, M., R.A. Duce and J.M. Prospero, Atmospheric beryllium-7 concentrations over the Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Letts.. 21(7), 561-564, 1994. [ abs] [ pdf]


Ellis, Jr., W.G., R. Arimoto, D.L. Savoie, J.T. Merill, R.A. Duce and J.M. Prospero, Aerosol selenium at Bermuda and Barbados.  J. Geophys. Res. 98:12,673-12,685, 1993.  [ abs] [ pdf]

Galloway, J.N., D.L. Savoie, W.C. Keene and J.M. Prospero, The temporal and spatial variability of scavening ratios for nss sulfate, nitrate, methanesulfonate and sodium in the atmosphere over the North Atlantic Ocean.  Atmos. Environ.  27A (2): 235-250, 1993. [ abs] [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., J.M. Prospero, R.J. Larsen, F. Huang, M. Izaguirre, T. Huang, T. Snowdon, L. Custals, and C.G. Sanderson, Nitrogen and sulfur species in Antarctic aerosols at Mawson, Palmer Station, and Marsh (King George Island), J. Atmos. Chem., 17, 95-122, 1993.

Zhu, X, J.M. Prospero, D.L. Savoie, F.J. Millero, R.G. Zika and E.S. Saltzman,  Photoreduction of iron(III) in marine mineral aerosol solutions.  J. Geophys. Res. 98: 9039-9046, 1993.  [ abs] [ pdf]


Prospero, J.M., D.L. Savoie, E. Saltzman and R. Larsen, Impact of oceanic sources of biogenic sulphur on sulphate aerosol concentrations at Mawson, Antarctica.  Nature 350:221-223, 1991.  [ abs] [ pdf]


Prospero, J.M., M. Uematsu, and D.L. Savoie, Mineral aerosol transport to the Pacific Ocean, in Chemical Oceanography, Volume 10, pp. 187-218, edited by J. P. Riley, Academic Press, New York, 1989. [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., and J.M. Prospero, Comparison of oceanic and continental sources of non-seasalt sulphate over the Pacific Ocean,  Nature 339, 685-687, 1989.  [ abs] [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., J.M. Prospero, and E.S. Saltzman, Nitrate, non-seasalt sulfate and methanesulfonate over the Pacific Ocean, in Chemical Oceanography, Volume 10, pp. 219-250, edited by J. P. Riley, Academic Press, New York, 1989. [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., J.M. Prospero, J.T. Merrill, and M. Uematsu, Nitrate in the atmospheric boundary layer of the tropical South Pacific: Implications regarding sources and transport, J. Atmos. Chem. 8, 391-415, 1989. [ abs] [ pdf]


Uematsu, M., J.T. Merrill, T.L. Patterson, R.A. Duce and J.M. Prospero, Aerosol residence times and iodine gas/particle conversion over the North Pacific as determined from Chernobyl radioactivity, Geochem. J. 22, 157-163, 1988. [ abs] [pdf]


Prospero, J.M., R.T. Nees, and M Uematsu, Deposition rate of particulate and dissolved aluminum derived from Saharan dust in preicipitation at Miami, Florida, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 14,723-14,731, 1987. [ abs] [pdf]

Helgren, D.M., and J.M. Prospero, Wind velocities associated with dust deflation events in the Western Sahara, J. Clim. Appl. Meteor. 26, 1147-1151, 1987. [ abs] [pdf]

Savoie, D.L., J.M. Prospero and R.T. Nees, Washout ratios of nitrate, non-sea-salt sulfate and sea-salt in Virginia Key, Florida, and on American Samoa, Atmos. Environ. 21, 103‑112, 1987.  [ abs] [pdf]

Savoie, D.L., J.M. Prospero, and R.T. Nees, Frequency distribution of dust concentration in Barbados as a function of averaging time, Atmos. Environ. 21, 1659-1663, 1987. [ abs] [pdf]


Blank, M., M. Leinen, and J.M. Prospero, Major Asian aeolian inputs indicated by the mineralogy of aerosols and sediments in the western North Pacific, Nature 314, 84-86, 1985. [ abs] [pdf]

Oldfield, F., A. Hunt, M.D.H. Jones, R. Chester, J.A. Dearing, L., Olsson, and J.M. Prospero, Magnetic differential of atmospheric dusts, Nature 317, 516-518, 1985. [ abs] [pdf]

Uematsu, M. R.A. Duce, and J.M. Prospero, Deposition of Atmospheric Mineral Particles in the North Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. 3, 123-138, 1985 [ abs] [ pdf]


Uematsu, M,., R.A. Duce, J.M. Prospero, L. Chen, J.T. Merrill, and R.L. McDonald, Transport of mineral aerosol from Asia over the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 88(C9), 5343-5352, 1983. [ abs] [ pdf]


Savoie, D.L. and J.M. Prospero, Particle size distribution of nitrate and sulfate in the marine atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Letts. 9, 1207-1210, 1982. [abs] [pdf]


Prospero, J.M., Eolian transport to the World Ocean, in The Oceanic Lithosphere, The Sea, Vol. 7, pp. 801-874, edited by C. Emiliani, Wiley Interscience, N.Y.,  1981. [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., Arid regions as sources of mineral aerosols in the marine atmosphere, Geological Society of America, Special Paper 186, pp 71-86, 1981. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., and T.N. Carlson, Saharan air outbreaks over the tropical North Atlantic, Pageoph. 119, 677-691, 1981. [ pdf]


Duce, R.A., C.K. Unni, B.J. Ray, J.M. Prospero, and J.T. Merrill, Long range atmospheric transport of soil dust from Asia to the tropical North Pacific, Science, 209, 1522-1524, 1980. [ abs] [ pdf]

Glaccum, R.A., and J.M. Prospero, Saharan aerosols over the tropical North Atlantic - Mineralogy, Mar. Geol. 37, 295-321, 1980. [ abs] [ pdf]


Prospero, J.M., and R.T. Nees, Dust concentration in the atmosphere of the Equatorial North Atlantic: Possible relationship to the Sahelian drought, Science, 196, 1196-1198, 1977. [ abs] [ pdf]

Savoie, D.L., and J.M. Prospero, Aerosol concentration statistics for the northern tropical Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. 82,5954-5964, 1977.  [ abs] [ pdf]


Prospero, J.M., and T.N. Carlson, Vertical and areal distribution of Saharan dust over the western Equatorial North Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 77(27), 5255-5265, 1972. [ abs] [ pdf]

Carlson, T.N., and J.M. Prospero, The large-scale movement of Saharan Air outbreaks over the Northern Equatorial Atlantic, J. Appl. Meteor., 11, 283-297, 1972. [ abs] [ pdf]

Rydell, H., and J.M. Prospero, Uranium and thorium concentrations in wind-borne Saharan dust over the western Equatorial North Atlantic Ocean, Earth and Plan. Sci. Lett. 14, 397, 1972. [ abs] [pdf]


Prospero, J.M., E. Bonatti, C. Schubert, and T.N. Carlson, Dust in the Caribbean atmosphere traced to an African dust storm, Earth and Plan. Sci. Lett., 9, 287-293, 1970. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., and T.N. Carlson, Radon-222 in the North Atlantic trade winds: Its relationship to dust transport from Africa, Science, 167, 974-977, 1970. [ abs] [ pdf]


Silker, W.B., D.E. Robertson, H.G. Reick, Jr.,  R.W. Perkins, and J.M. Prospero, Beryllium-7 in ocean water, Science, 161, 879-880, 1968. [ abs] [ pdf]

Prospero, J.M., and E. Bonatti, Continental dust in the atmosphere of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific, J. Geophys. Res. 74(13), 3362‑3371, 1969.  [ abs] [ pdf]


Comments on: Griffin, D.W., Garrison, V.H., Herman, J.R., and E.A. Shinn, African desert dust in the Caribbean atmosphere: microbiology and public health. Aerobiologia 17(3):203-213, 2001 and Griffin, D.W., C.A. Kellogg, V.H. Garrison, J.T. Lisle, T.C. Borden, and E.A. Shinn, Atmospheric microbiology in the northern Caribbean during African dust events, Aerobiologia 19:143-157, 2003. [pdf]

Our aerosol group focuses on the aerosol chemistry of the marine atmosphere and the biogeochemical effects of the long range atmospheric transport of materials from the continents to the ocean environment. Starting 35 years ago, we pioneered in the study of mineral aerosol (soil dust) transport, showing that huge quantities of dust were carried by winds from arid regions to the oceans. Dust has a great impact on the chemistry of the atmosphere, oceans and sediments. Indeed, our work served as the foundation for the recent interest in the role of windborne iron as an important limiting nutrient in many ocean regions. Working with modelers and using satellite remote sensing, we are developing a much better picture of dust sources, dust properties, and the effects of climate on dust transport.

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